Vladimir Bidyovka highlights legislative work of DPR’s Parliament
Currently, Donetsk People’s Republic’s legislation is much closer to the Russian one than the Ukrainian. This was stated by the Chairman of the DPR’s People’s Council Vladimir Bidyovka in an interview to RIA Novosti.
He also said that changes to the Constitution of the Donetsk People’s Republic, which would enshrine a status of the only official language for the Russian language, would be adopted in the shortest possible time. The parliamentarian speaker shared that a law that established the borders of the Republic within the Donetsk region, did not contradict the Minsk agreements, and all disputes with Kiev, including the border, should be resolved at the negotiating table, not in trenches. According to him, relevant draft laws have already been registered in the Parliament.
— Has a law on a state border, which establishes the borders of the DPR within the Donetsk region, been adopted in a timely manner? Will its adoption affect a peaceful settlement of the conflict in Donbass?
— It has been adopted in a timely manner. It is important to understand that it is not intended to resolve the conflict, but is aimed at resolving internal issues in the life of our state. Yes, it states that the border runs along the territory of the former Donetsk region, however, Article 40 states that the border is identified by the line of contact at the moment. There are no violations of the Minsk process. In general, the border within the former Donetsk region was identified in the Constitution of the Donetsk People’s Republic in May 2014 and the signing of “Minsk-1” and “Minsk-2” did not cause Ukraine’s hysteria. Ukrainian representatives’ hysteria is imaginary. If Ukraine is truly committed to peace, then nothing should stand in the way in this regard. If not, then it can look for any excuse in order to avoid resolving the conflict peacefully.
— You noted that the DPR’s border would run along the line of contact until the dispute with Ukraine was settled. How should it be settled? Should Ukraine recognize the outcome of the referendum of 2014, which was held on the territory of the Donetsk region?
— It would be difficult to predict, since Ukraine is inconsistent. The Donetsk People’s Republic, in general, and the People’s Council, in particular, clearly adhere to the Minsk agreements. The solution to the conflict must be determined in the field of diplomacy, at the negotiating table. Ideally, it would be great, if everyone climbed out of trenches and sat down at the negotiating table and addressed all issues in this way. By the way, one of the reasons why we took a long time to work on the law “On the state border”, which was registered back in 2017, is the importance of compliance with the Minsk agreement. We, unlike Ukraine, are a state of law and our Constitution determines the border that runs along the border of the Donetsk region. By adopting a law, it cannot contravene the Constitution, but it must not violate or impede the negotiating process. Therefore, it is in no way aimed at violating the Minsk agreements and external situation.
— The Head of the DPR proposed to give Russian a status of the only official language and enshrine it in the Constitution of the DPR. Is this not a response to Kiev revoking the Russian language of a status of a regional one?
— If this were a response to Ukraine’s actions, it should have happened back in 2014, Ukraine has not only now started to discriminate the Russian language. This is an internal matter. Today, a scope of usage of the Ukrainian language is increasingly narrowing. The initiative of the head of our state is simply intended to reflect an objective reality that has developed, in the legislation. At the same time, we are not talking about the discrimination of the Ukrainian language. No one, unlike Ukraine, forbids receiving education in the Ukrainian language and communicating.
— When can these changes be made to the Constitution?
— We are already working on this issue, relevant draft laws have been registered in the People’s Council. Now, we are oriented towards their adoption at the beginning of the first quarter of 2020. It is important to understand that these are changes to the Constitution and a DPR’s law “On education”. Each draft law must go through examination and approval procedure, which are established by the law, it is necessary to obtain all conclusions. We hope that the changes will be adopted in the shortest amount of time possible.
— As a result of the international investment forum, Denis Pushilin instructed to develop and adopt laws on investment activities, to improve legal and regulatory framework in a sphere of public private partnership. What work is being done in this direction?
— Even before the forum, steps were taken to develop legislation in a sphere of economy and investment. In particular, a DPR’s law “On public private and municipal private partnership”, and we seriously amended it in February, 2019. In addition, a working group together with the government has been working on a draft law “On investment activities”. We also have recently registered a draft law “On finance lease”, which is designed to promote the development of entrepreneurship in the Republic. Intensive work on these draft laws is under way currently. We hope that we will work out and adopt them quickly and effectively.
— How is the synchronization of the legislation with the LPR progressing? What will this process give the Republics?
— We have been working closely with the LPR. I would like to highlight one important law for our Republics, which will be adopted this year – a DPR’s law “On trans-border conglomerates”. It is aimed not only at economic cooperation, but also at scientific and technical one. Neither we nor the LPR had the opportunity to create such conglomerates before. Currently, the similarity of Republics’ legislation reaches 60-70 percent. Of course, there are differences – we are individual states and we have our own peculiarities in social and public life. As well as in the economy.
— We are not talking about 100 percent synchronization, are we?
— It is difficult to talk about 100 percent synchronization, as a matter of principle. Let us consider the Russian Federation as an example: federal laws set general rules, and laws of subjects determine the mechanism of their implementation taking into account regional features. Our goal is to make it easier for the Republics to interact in terms of economy and business. But it is important not to harm each other.
— As for the Land Code and the sale of land, will the DPR follow in the footsteps of Ukraine, which intends to sell it, or will the land remain in the property of the Republic, its people?
— The Constitution of the Donetsk People’s Republic stipulates that land, like other natural resources, is used and conserved in the DPR as the basis of the life and activity of people. The Land Code is currently being developed, but even now I can say that we will not have such bacchanalia, which Ukraine is planning to unfold. The Ukrainian land is the only source of political, financial trades and some dialogue with the West, therefore Western financial structures, including the IMF, were outraged why Ukraine had postponed a future sale of land to foreigners. They are starting to put pressure. The fact that Ukraine is claiming about the rapid growth of GDP says that this includes a sale of land for nothing. It turns out that they have already reached a criminal state to sell their land left and right.
— Does the DPR use the Russian legislation as a basis?
— Today, our legislation is much closer to the Russian one than Ukrainian. We are moving further and further away from the Ukrainian legislation with every law.
— How do you see cooperation, coexistence and relations with Kiev?
— All the people in the Republic hope that peace will be established sooner or later. Living in a state of perpetual war is not a good prospect. We advocate for a peaceful resolution of the conflict. We are committed to the Minsk process as one of the ways that can lead to it. But so far, we have not seen Ukraine doing the same. If we talk about the further development of relations with Ukraine, we need to understand what kind of Ukraine it is going to be. If this country will be committed to aggression, self-destruction, fascist ideology, rampant confrontation with the Russian world, then it will be difficult to negotiate with that kind of Ukraine. But I am sure that we can establish normal relationship, if it returns to the path of adequate state life. When there will be more common sense in Ukraine, when it will be ready for mutually beneficial coexistence, then we will be able to diplomatically develop certain positions concerning normal relations.